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The history of the exhibition

Time : 2020-04-09

Source : XinQi ( International ) Exhibition

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The history of the exhibition

  As one of the four ancient civilizations, China also has a long history of development. The history of Chinese exhibitions can be traced back to ancient markets more than two thousand years ago.

  Ancient Chinese fairs originated from religious gatherings. As early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100 BC to 771 BC), there was a temple fair in Qishanfeng Chushan Village, Shaanxi, once a year for 3 days.

  During the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), there were more than 30 markets in Yuan Dadu (present-day Beijing). Today, the area around Beijing ’s Bell and Drum Tower is the prosperous market place of Yuan Dadu.

  During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Beijing market was still prosperous. Chenghuang Temple, Longfu Temple, Huguo Temple, Baiyun Temple and other places are regular temple fairs. The Ming Dynasty also traded with the nomadic peoples in the northern part of the state-controlled horse market, namely the tea horse market.

  During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Baita Temple, Longfu Temple and Huguo Temple in Beijing were the seats of the three famous temple fairs. In the Qing Dynasty, on the basis of traditional markets, some professional markets with national scale were gradually developed, such as rice markets in Wuxi and Wuhu. The most typical is the pharmaceutical market in Anguo, Hebei, twice in spring and autumn. As a professional medicinal herbs market, Anguo Pharmaceutical Association has initially possessed the form and content of modern professional exposition.

  In the late Qing Dynasty, with the development of the capitalist commodity economy, the early fairs in China appeared.

  In 1905, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce set up a “Beijing Teachers Persuasion Exhibition Center” at the front gate of Beijing to display industrial products in various places, and at the same time set up a persuasion mall to sell products. This is the prototype of China Expo.

  In 1909, the Jiangsu Education Federation held the provincial school performance exhibition in Shanghai. This is the first exhibition named after the exhibition in China.

  In 1910, the Qing court held the Nanyang Quanye Association in Nanjing, which opened the first page of modern Chinese exhibition history. Nanyang Quanye Association is the first commercial exposition with modern exhibition concept in Chinese history. The conference is divided into provinces, textiles, tea, crafts, armaments and other museums. The duration of the conference is 3 months, and the audience reaches more than 200,000.

  In 1912, the Beijing government changed the persuasion display in the front gate of the Qing court to a merchandise display, and later changed to a persuasion field, making this China's earliest exhibition hall gradually become a shopping mall.

  In August 1921, the Commodity Exhibition Hall of the Shanghai General Chamber of Commerce was established, and exhibits were collected in June and July every year, and an exhibition was held every autumn.

  In October 1922, the Shanghai General Chamber of Commerce held the China Silkworm Cocoon and Silk Expo for the first time in Shanghai.

  In 1925, Wuhan Exhibition was held.

  In 1928, Sichuan National Products Exhibition was held.

  In 1929, the West Lake Expo was held. The West Lake Expo is an unprecedented exhibition event in China's history (since 2000, the West Lake Expo continues to be held in Hangzhou, once a year).

  In 1935, the Southwest Provincial Article Fair was held.

  In 1936, Zhejiang and Jiangxi Special Products Joint Exhibition was held.

  In 1944, the Northeast Puppet Manchuria government held the Harbin Expo.

  The establishment of the People ’s Republic of China (1949) to the early 1980s, China ’s exhibitions were mainly undertaken by the government. In the late 1980s, China's exhibition industry gradually developed. Especially after nearly 20 years of rapid development, exhibition has become an important emerging industry in the national economy.

  With the development of modern science and technology, especially information technology, the organization and expression of the exhibition are constantly changing. For example, in recent years, online exhibitions have made considerable progress and have become an effective supplement to physical exhibitions. During 2003, SARS was favored by many exhibitors and traders.